Hartville Family Eye Care

500 South Prospect Avenue Hartville, OH 44632
(330) 877-2117

Eye Conditions

Routine Eye Exams  |  Myopia (Nearsightedness)  |  Hyperopia (Farsightedness)   |  Floaters  |   Pediatric Eye Exams  |  Dry Eye | Cataract

 

Cataracts

Nothing is more precious than our eye sight. Our eyes allow us to enjoy the beauty of the world around us. So much of what we learn, what we experience, and what we enjoy, comes to us through our eyes. As you look at the world around you, think of how valuable your vision is. Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss for people all around the world. For people who have cataracts, seeing through a cloudy lens, is like looking through a foggy window. While there is no way to prevent Cataracts, you can slow their progression by wearing UV protected sunglasses, eating healthy, quitting smoking, and taking nutritional supplements. It's also important, that you continue to monitor Cataract development, by visiting your eye care professional for annual eye exams.

As the cataract grows larger and clouds more of your lens, more noticeable symptoms will develop. These symptoms may include cloudy or blurred vision, faded colors, double or multiple images, and poor night vision.

Cataracts are a part of the aging process, but they do not have to interfere with your life style. A cataract is a cloudiness of the crystalline lens inside your eye. As your lens gets cloudier, your vision will gradually become more blurred. The human eye may best be compared to a camera. When you take a picture, the lens in the front of the camera allows light through and focuses that light on the film. When the light hits the film, a picture is taken. The eye works in much the same way. The lens of your eye is clear, and allows light to pass through. Light is focused by your cornea and lens onto a thin layer of tissue, called the retina. Your retina works like the film in a camera. When the focused light hits the retina, a picture is taken, and sent to your brain. While a dirty camera lens blurs a picture, any significant cataract in your lens will blur what you see.

Today, cataracts can be treated in a variety of ways. Initially, when symptoms begin to appear, you may be able to improve your vision with a new pair of glasses or a change in prescription. Brighter lighting may also help in the short-term. If a cataract grows large enough to impair your vision, and affect your daily activities, cataract removal is recommended. Cataract removal is a common procedure, and is safely performed millions of times each year. During the procedure, the cataract surgeon removes the clouded lens that has affected your vision, and replaces it with a clear, artificial, intraocular lens. As a result, most patients can achieve a noticeable improvement in their vision. Cataracts do not grow back, but in some cases, the clear, thin tissue that holds the intraocular lens in place can turn cloudy, months or even years after cataract surgery, causing vision to blur again. If this happens, your doctor can easily and painlessly correct the issue, by using a laser, to create a new opening in the lens capsule. This creates a clear visual pathway, which should allow your sight to return to its previous level of clarity.

 

View Video

 Dry Eye

There are many treatments to relieve the symptoms of dry eye, which range from making simple changes in your home, to in-office procedures. It depends on the underlying cause of your dry eye. No matter what your individual treatment plan entails, the most important thing to remember is to be consistent and follow instructions regularly. Dry eye can be managed so that you can be symptom-free for months, even years - but even if you no longer have symptoms, you must still continue the treatment program prescribed by your eye care professional to keep dry eye at bay. Because dry eye is an inflammatory condition like arthritis, you can experience flare ups from time to time. Should this happen, just schedule an appointment with us. We’ll always work with you to find the best plan to keep your eyes moisturized, comfortable, and healthy. Bullet Summary: Dry eye treatment plans vary depending on the underlying cause Like any inflammatory condition, consistently following your treatment plan is key to managing dry eye Contact us if you experience a flare up - we may need to adjust your treatment.

There are a variety of dry eye treatments available to provide relief from dry eye. Once your eye care professional identifies the underlying cause of your dry eye, he or she will work with you to design a flexible treatment plan customized to your needs. If your dry eye is caused by your environment or behavior, you may be advised to make small changes. These can be as simple as reducing the speed of ceiling fans in your home - or remembering to blink more often when you use computers. Your eye care professional might recommend drinking more water or eating foods or supplements high in omega fatty acids or vitamin A.Your tear production may also be the cause of your dry eye. Eye drops including prescription medications, artificial tear drops, gels, or ointments are often used to increase eye moisture or tear production and may be used in combination with other treatments. Another option, called punctal plugs, retains tears in the eye by blocking the tear drainage canal. If you are experiencing dry eye as a result of another condition, your eye care professional will also treat that cause. For example, if you wear contact lenses, you may need to try other types of lenses. If you have inflamed or clogged eyelid glands, your doctor will offer methods to treat the glands ranging from at-home lid hygiene techniques, to in-office procedures. Let us work with you to find the best course of treatment for your dry eye!

View Video

Pediatric Eye Exams

Have you ever corrected your child for sitting too close to the TV? Is he or she having trouble paying attention at school? These may not be behavioral issues but instead be related to poor vision. When 80% of the information learned in school is presented visually, poor visual skills can greatly impact the learning process. Visual skills that affect the learning and development process not only include near and distance vision but also, eye teaming skills, eye movement skills, focusing skilsl, peripheral awareness and eye/hand coordination. ? In order to prevent these issues from affecting development and learning, scheduling a comprehensive eye exams throughout childhood is important. Visiting your pediatrician or school nurse for a vision screening may not be enough, since these screenings miss about 60% of children with vision problems. Instead it is best to visit an eye care professional to receive a comprehensive eye exam for a complete evaluation of visual skills. ?When should you schedule comprehensive exams? According to the American optometric association, infants should have their first comprehensive eye exam at 6 months of age. Additionally, exams should be scheduled at 3 years and just prior to entering Kindergarten. Because of the relationship between learning and vision, many states will require an eye exam before entering school. For school age children, those without vision correction should receive an eye exam every 2 years, while those requiring vision correction need an exam annually or at your doctor’s suggested interval. Following a suggested eye exam schedule can lead to early detection and treatment of vision problems to prevent behavioral and learning related issues from developing.
 
It is estimated 5 to 10 percent of preschoolers and 25 percent of school-aged children have already developed vision problems. Early diagnosis will help protect the learning and development process. Your first line of defense is your optometrist or ophthalmologist. Your child’s first vision exam should be within six months after birth. Due to potential barriers such as inability to communicate or short attention spans, these doctors work with specialized methods developed to best assess your child’s vision. Not only do they test for refractive errors, such as near and far sightedness, but they also administer exams to evaluate ocular alignment and test for the presence of eye disease. ? The longer a vision problem goes undiagnosed and untreated, the more the brain accommodates the problem and the harder it becomes to correct it. Neurological development of vision occurs until age nine; this means if problems such as misalignment and the inability to focus vision go undetected, development may be hindered. Following a recommended comprehensive eye examination schedule can uncover any existing problems early on, leading to prompt treatment and management in order to keep learning and development on track. The American Optometric Association recommends the first comprehensive eye exam to be administered at six months. It is suggested that follow up exams should occur at ages three and five. For school age children an exam is suggested every two years, unless vision correction is required; if this is the case, a child should be examined annually or at your doctor’s suggested interval.Together, we’ll work to ensure your child has the best vision possible.
 
It is estimated 5 to 10 percent of preschoolers and 25 percent of school-aged children have already developed vision problems. Early diagnosis will help protect the learning and development process. Your first line of defense is your optometrist or ophthalmologist. Your child’s first vision exam should be within six months after birth. Due to potential barriers such as inability to communicate or short attention spans, these doctors work with specialized methods developed to best assess your child’s vision. Not only do they test for refractive errors, such as near and far sightedness, but they also administer exams to evaluate ocular alignment and test for the presence of eye disease. ? The longer a vision problem goes undiagnosed and untreated, the more the brain accommodates the problem and the harder it becomes to correct it. Neurological development of vision occurs until age nine; this means if problems such as misalignment and the inability to focus vision go undetected, development may be hindered. Following a recommended comprehensive eye examination schedule can uncover any existing problems early on, leading to prompt treatment and management in order to keep learning and development on track. The American Optometric Association recommends the first comprehensive eye exam to be administered at six months. It is suggested that follow up exams should occur at ages three and five. For school age children an exam is suggested every two years, unless vision correction is required; if this is the case, a child should be examined annually or at your doctor’s suggested interval.Together, we’ll work to ensure your child has the best vision possible.
 
Children are more responsive to treatment when problems are diagnosed early, which is why it’s so important to make sure your child has regular comprehensive eye exams. The American Optometric Association suggests that children receive exams at 6 months, age 3 and just before they enter first grade. Contrary to most parents’ fears, preschool-aged children do not need to know their letters in order to undergo eye tests. Your Eyecare Professional is trained to help children who may not be able to communicate if they are having vision problems. A series of tests have been specially developed for young children. The first test, called LEA Symbols, while similar to your standard vision chart with letters, uses special symbols that are recognizable to young children. The Retinoscopy test helps your Eye Care Professional determine the eyeglass prescription if one is needed. Your doctor will shine a light into the child’s eyes and measure the reflection as it hits the retina located in the back of the eye. This helps to determine if a corrective lens is needed to improve vision issues including nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. The last test is the Random Dot Stereopsis. For this test, your child will be provided a pair of 3-D glasses and asked to watch special patterns of dots. By observing the progress of the test, it can be determined how well the eyes work together as a team. All of these tests are specially designed to fit the development stages of preschool children and allow your Eye Care Professional to make the best possible diagnosis. Early diagnosis will lead to proactive treatment to ensure your child has the visual skills needed for future success in learning.
 
Early diagnosis and treatment of vision problems helps set children up for success. According to the American Optometric Association the first exam should be administered at 6 months. Many pediatricians offer eye exams, yet these practices may not have the necessary equipment to properly assess eye health. Therefore, its important to schedule an appointment with an eyecare professional. Since your child is limited in their ability to communicate any problems, your Eye Care Professional has a special tool kit of tests to assess your baby’s eye development. The first test will measure pupillary response, which will determine whether the pupil reacts properly in different light conditions. The second test called the “fixate and Follow” test will gauge how well your baby’s eyes are able to fixate on a single object and follow it as it moves. The ability to fixate on objects should begin soon after birth while the ability to follow the object develops by three months. The last test is called Preferential Looking. Since children at six months are not expected to be able to identify letters or numbers on a typical eye chart, specialized cards with stripes are used to attract your child’s attention. Your eye care professional may perform a retinoscopy, to assess the eye growth pattern and possible refractive errors, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Eye drops may be used to help perform these tests and allow an examination of your child's eye health Your baby’s first eye exam is an an important step in ensuring optimum eye health and proper development. Remember to schedule your child’s first comprehensive eye exam with an eye care professional as soon as possible.

 

Floaters

Small specks or clouds moving in your field of vision are called floaters. Most floaters are not dangerous and are caused by tiny pieces of tissue inside of the eye. When light hits these pieces of tissue it creates shadows on the retina, that appear to float across your field of vision. It may appear that these specks are on the front surface of your eye, but they are actually inside. In most cases floaters are no cause for alarm and no treatment is necessary, however a sudden increase in new floaters may indicate a problem and an eye examination is recommended if this occurs.

 

Hyperopia

Hyperopia is a common refractive error, also known as farsightedness. Farsighted people see things best when they are very far away but have trouble seeing things that are closer. Hyperopia occurs when light entering the eye comes into focus behind the retina instead of precisely on the retina. This can be caused by a cornea that is too flat, by an eye that is too short, or by a combination of both problems. People with mild hyperopia can still see things that are far away, but people with severe hyperopia can have trouble seeing clearly, even at a distance. In addition, hyperopia often becomes worse as the eyes lose focusing power with age.

Hyperopia, or farsightedness, can be diagnosed easily by your eye care professional. Treatments for hyperopia are designed to change the way that light rays are bent when they enter the eye so that they come into a point of focus precisely on the retina. These treatments may include prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses that compensate for the eye's inability to focus. Another treatment option is refractive surgery, where the cornea is reshaped to change the way it bends entering light rays. Hyperopia can also be treated by implanting a prescription lens inside the eye where it works with the rest of the eye's natural focusing system to refocus light rays precisely on the retina. When hyperopia causes blurry vision, these treatments may help restore clearer vision, making daily activities much easier.

 
View Video

MYOPIA

Myopia is a common refractive error, also known as nearsightedness. Nearsighted people see things best when they are close up but have trouble seeing things that are farther away. Myopia occurs when light entering the eye comes into focus in front of the retina instead of precisely on the retina. This can be caused by a cornea that is too steeply curved, by an eye that is too long, or by a combination of both problems. People with mild to moderate myopia can see things close-up, but people with severe myopia may only be able to see objects clearly when they are just a few inches away.

Myopia, or nearsightedness, can be diagnosed easily by your eye care professional. Treatments for myopia are designed to change the way that light rays are bent when they enter the eye so that they come into a point of focus precisely on the retina. These treatments may include prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses that compensate for the eye's inability to focus. Another treatment option is refractive surgery, where the cornea is reshaped to change the way it bends entering light rays. Myopia can also be treated by implanting a prescription lens inside the eye where it works with the rest of the eye's natural focusing system to refocus light rays precisely on the retina. When myopia causes distant objects to appear blurry, any of these treatments can restore clear vision, making daily activities much easier.

 

View Video

ROUTINE EYE EXAMS

The inner workings of the human eye are complex, but at the same time, fascinating. The eye is easy to understand, if you think of it as a camera. When you take a picture, the les in the front of the camera allows light through, and focuses that light on the film. When the light hits the film, a picture is taken. The eye works in much the same way. In a healthy eye, the lens is clear, and allows light to pass through. Light is focused by the cornea and lens, onto a thin layer of tissue called the retina. The retina works like the film in a camera. When light hits the retina, tiny cells collect the light signals, and convert them into electrical signals, which are then sent through the optic nerve, and to the brain, where they are processed into the images we see.

Caring for your eyesight begins with the complete eye examinations. Complete eye exams are about more than just testing your vision, it's a full check-up for your eyes. Many eye care problems can develop over long periods of time, without symptoms, and can irreversibly damage your vision. Regularly scheduled complete eye exams are the best way to detect such conditions early, and address them before they develop into more serious problems. Most adults should have a complete eye exam every one to two years. Children should receive complete eye exams regularly as they grow to detect and treat eye conditions that can affect their progress in school. Patients who are at a higher risk for certain conditions, such as diabetes, a family history of glaucoma, and those over the age of 40, should have exams more frequently, as recommended by their eye doctor. Remember that caring for your eyesight begins with complete eye examinations. They are the best way to detect eye conditions early, and address them before they develp into more severe problems.

Caring for your eyesight begins with having regular eye examinations, performed by an eye care professional.Routine eye exams are painless, and can detect the early signs of many preventable, and treatable eye conditions. These exams may also detect broader health conditions, such as hypertension or diabetes, that can affect your vision over time. During an exam, your eye care professional will ask you about yourmedical history, and if you are experiencing any vision problems. A vision test is performed to see if you may benefit from glasses or contact lenses, or to determine if your prescription has changed. Advanced instruments are used to examine the outside and inside of your eyes. This examination will help your eye care professional check for common eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team, and evaluate your eyes as an indicator of your overall health. It's important to understand that  only an Optometrist or Ophthamologist can provide a comprehensive eye exam. Family physicians and pediatricians are not fully trained eye care profesesionals, and they can miss important vision problems that may require treatment. So whether you're experiencing eye problems, or not, regular eye exams are important for perserving hour vision for life.